Maths at Westminster

Lead: Jenny Campbell

Deputy: Alison Moore

At Westminster Primary Academy we recognise the importance of Maths teaching in order to open up other areas of the curriculum. In addition to regular maths sessions teachers try to make as many cross curricular links as possible in order to utilise these skills in a range of contexts.


Maths as Westminster Primary is taught through different themes with prior learning built on in each year group in order to deepen knowledge and understanding of core concepts. The mathematics curriculum clearly states that children should develop competence in:

fluency        problem solving       reasoning

Throughout school teaching focuses on giving children practical experiences through concrete materials. Concrete is the “doing” stage. During this stage, children use concrete objects to model problems which brings concepts to life by allowing children to experience and handle physical (concrete) objects.



Teaching then moves on to pictorial which is the “seeing” stage. Here, visual representations of concrete objects are used to model problems. This stage encourages children to make a mental connection between the physical object they just handled and the abstract pictures, diagrams or models that represent the objects from the problem.


Abstract is the “symbolic” stage, where children use abstract symbols to model problems. Students will not progress to this stage until they have demonstrated that they have a solid understanding of the concrete and pictorial stages of the problem. The abstract stage involves the teacher introducing abstract concepts (for example, mathematical symbols). Children are introduced to the concept at a symbolic level, using only numbers, notation, and mathematical symbols (for example, +, –, x, /) to indicate addition, multiplication or division.


To support the mental fluency with numbers we learn number facts, such as number bonds and times tables. These are regularly practised and tested - often in fun ways like on Times Tables Rockstars


For planning purposes we follow Focus Education: